The viper belongs to the family of more than 200 species of the venomous snakes. You can recognize a viper by its long hinged fangs. And the venom of this snake goes deep into the body of its prey. You can find the vipers in almost all parts of the world. With the exception being Antarctica, Australia, Hawaii, New Zealand.
The viper snakes have four subfamilies. The Fea’s vipers (Azemiopinae), the pit vipers (Crotalinae), the night adders (Causinae). And lastly the true or pitless vipers (Viperidae). Read more to know some interesting things about vipers.
Did You Know That The Fangs Of The Vipers Are Hollow?
The vipers at the front of their mouth have two hollow fangs. And this fangs is connected with the rotating maxillary bone. When the vipers do not use their fangs they can easily put their fangs toward the roof their mouth. And here a membranous casing surrounds it. The vipers can rotate their individual fangs either together or separately.
When The Viper Are In Self-Defence They Open Their Mouth To Strike:
The vipers are capable enough to open their mouth off about 180 degrees so that it can strike its prey. The vipers rotate their fangs at the last moment so that they can avoid any damage. Another interesting fact about the viper is that this can also give a dry bite without any of its venoms.
The Vipers Have Got A Different Kind Of Physique With Their Vertical Pupils Being Able To Let In Light:
Did you know that almost all kinds of vipers have a turn topsy turvy scale? This means that scales are not smooth though it is rigid. The glands with the help of which the vipers produce the venom is situated at the back of the upper jaw. And due[SA1] to this reason the viper has a triangular-shaped head. And this can bed distinguished from its neck. Some of the vipers give birth to their young ones so that that they can live young while some lay eggs.
If you have ever noticed then you will see that the vipers have oval-shaped pupils. And this does vary in size. It can be wide open or almost close. And this helps the viper to see in an ample range of different light levels.
The Vipers Are Found All Over And Injecting The Venom Is Their Choice:
You will find the vipers in almost al, parts of the world except in New Zealand, Australia, Antarctica, Madagascar, Hawaii and some of the isolated islands that are above the Arctic Circle. But in the UK the only venomous snake that you will find is the adder.
It is completely upon the viper to decide how much venom it should inject. The size and the species of the prey depend as to how much venom the viper should inject. Also whether the voter wants to keep its prey or not will determine the amount of venom it will inject on its prey.